Learn More: Disability Status


Variable Definition:
Population with Disability: The percentage of the population that has serious difficulty with hearing, vision, cognition or ambulation; or who reports having difficulty bathing/dressing or performing errands such as shopping
American Community Survey, 5-year estimates, Table B18101
Years Available:
2008-12, 2009-13, 2010-14, 2011-15, 2012-16, 2013-2017, 2014-18, 2015-19
Geographic Unit:
Census Tract

Why is this Variable Important to Measure?

Disability Status
The American Community Survey defines a disability as having serious difficulty with hearing, vision, cognition and ambulation, or with tasks such as bathing and dressing or errands like shopping. However, disability is a dynamic concept that can change based on technological advances, social structures and an individual's health. Understanding the portion of the population that has a disability is important for federal government agencies to distribute funds and develop programs and policies for people with disabilities.  For example, the Americans with Disabilities Act uses data about functional limitations to ensure that all people have access to resources like public transportation, regardless of disability status. 

American Community Survey. 2017 Subject Definitions. Link
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