Learn More: Student Proficiency

Metadata

Variable Definitions:
3rd Grade Proficiency in English: The percentage of 3rd grade students who received a score of "Met Standards" or "Exceeded Standards" on the English Language Arts portion of the California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP)
7th Grade Proficiency in Math: The percentage of 7th grade students who received a score of "Met Standards" or "Exceeded Standards" on the Mathematics portion of the California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP)
Source:
California Department of Education (CDE) Ed-Data/Data Quest
Years Available:
2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13, 2013-14
Geographic Unit
Census Tract

Why are these Variables Important to Measure?

3rd Grade Proficiency in English
Although standardized test scores have often been criticized as a flawed measure of educational achievement and future potential, they are still widely used as a tool to track school and academic performance. They are a useful tool for state and local politicians, school administrators, policy analysts, and parents to measure the impact of teachers, curriculum, after school programs, and other school policies on student achievement.
Reading and Language Arts skills are particularly critical for 3rd graders as the curricula for the grades that follow assumes a certain standard of reading ability, and students may quickly fall behind if they have not mastered these skills.  California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) tests were developed by educators in California to measure California state-adopted academic content standards, which may differ from other states.
7th Grade Proficiency in Math
Although standardized test scores have often been criticized as a flawed measure of educational achievement and future potential, they are still widely used as a tool to track school and academic performance. They are a useful tool for state and local politicians, school administrators, policy analysts, and parents to measure the impact of teachers, curriculum, after school programs, and other school policies on student achievement.
California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) tests were developed by educators in California to measure California state-adopted academic content standards, which may differ from other states.

Sources:
Lesnick, Joy et al. "Reading on Grade Level in Third Grade: How Is It Related to High School Performance and College Enrollment? A Longitudinal Analysis of Third-Grade Students in Chicago in 1996-97 and their Educational Outcomes." Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago, 2010. Link 
White, Gwyne W. et al. "The increasing impact of socioeconomics and race on standardized academic test scores across elementary, middle, and high school." American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 86, no. 1, 2016, pp. 10-23. Link

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