Learn More: Immigration

Metadata

Variable Definitions:
Total Immigrant Population: The percentage of the total population who was not born in the United States or Puerto Rico
Immigrant Citizen Population: The percentage of people who were not born in the United States or Puerto Rico who are now naturalized U.S. citizens
Immigrant Non-Citizen Population: The percentage of people who were not born in the United States or Puerto Rico who are not currently naturalized U.S. citizens
Immigrants Entering U.S. by Decade (4): The number of people who were not born in the United States or Puerto Rico and entered the country during the following time periods: 
  • Before 1990
  • 1990 - 1999
  • 2000 - 2009
  • 2010 or Later
Source:
American Community Survey, 5-year estimates, Tables B05001 & B05005
Years Available:
2006-10, 2007-11, 2008-12, 2009-13, 2010-14, 2011-15, 2012-16, 2013-17
Geographic Unit
Census Tract (aggregated to neighborhoods and cities)

Why are these Variables Important to Measure?

Immigrant Citizen Population
Immigrants who are United States citizens are people who were born in another country and have become naturalized citizens in the United States, a process that often takes several years to complete. U.S. Citizenship offers many privileges including the ability to vote in elections, run for office, receive federal benefits and scholarships, travel overseas for extended periods of time, and sponsor other family members for green card status.
Measuring the number of immigrants who are citizens is important for understanding processes like immigration reform and voter registration. Additionally, citizenship is a good measure of how well we are integrating immigrant populations into our communities.
Immigrants Entering U.S. by Decade
The population of immigrants includes permanent residents with authorization documents, temporary migrants such as foreign students, humanitarian migrants such as refugees, migrants without authorization documents, and migrants who are now naturalized citizens.
Measuring the number of immigrants arriving in our communities by decade is important for understanding immigration patterns across time. When used in conjunction with other variables like linguistic isolation and English learner reclassification, it is a useful tool for understanding how well we are socially and economically integrating immigrant populations into our communities.
Immigrant Non-Citizen Population
Immigrants who are not United States citizens includes permanent residents with authorization documents, temporary migrants such as foreign students, humanitarian migrants such as refugees, and migrants without authorization documents. Should an individual complete the naturalization process to become a citizen, they would no longer be counted under this classification. U.S. Citizenship offers many privileges including the ability to vote in elections, run for office, receive federal benefits and scholarships, travel overseas for extended periods of time, and sponsor other family members for green card status.
Measuring the number of immigrants who do not have citizenship status is important for understanding processes like immigration reform and voter registration. Additionally, citizenship is a good measure of how well we are integrating immigrant populations into our communities.
Total Immigrant Population
The total immigrant population includes both the citizen and the non-citizen immigrant population. This variable serves as the denominator for measuring and identifying trends in the immigrant citizen and non-citizen population. Thus, this variable is important for assessing the social and economic impacts of the total immigrant population.

Featured Data Stories