Community Profile: Indio

Community profiles provide insight and information to the nine cities and unincorporated places in the Coachella Valley. The profiles provide precise, relevant data at the community level in combination with interactive maps and visualizations to help community members learn about the most important issues facing their communities and to help policy makers make informed decisions for their constituents. Community profiles are updated annually with the latest data, with new profiles released on a regular basis.

Indio is located in the Coachella Valley in Eastern Riverside County.  Indio’s population grew in the late 19th century as a stop along the Southern Pacific Railroad and was the first city incorporated in the Coachella Valley in 1930.  Today, Indio is home to more than 85,000 people and is the largest and fastest growing city in the Coachella Valley. Known as the City of Festivals™, it hosts the Coachella Valley Music & Arts Festival and Indio International Tamale Festival, bringing nearly 1.4 million people and $400 million of economic activity to the region. It has a median household income of $49,551, just under the average for other places in the Coachella Valley. 68% of Indio's residents identify as Latino, and 27% of the population are immigrants - just higher than the Coachella Valley average. 
Explore the visualizations below to learn more about demography, education, employment, housing and social connectedness in Indio and how the city compares to the state, county and other places in the Coachella Valley. 


Indio has a population of 85,401 as of 2016 5-year estimates. The community stretches across 33 square miles.
The average household size in Indio is 3.10 people, higher than the average household size in the Coachella Valley (2.67). 28% of the total 27,290 households in the city are made up of non-family households
 (individuals living alone or with non-relatives) - 10% below the average for the Coachella Valley.

Race & Ethnicity

Indio has a large Latino population, making up 68% of the population. 22% of Latino residents live below the poverty line, meaning they have a household income that is below the federal poverty level. 

Age Distribution

Indio has a median age of 35 years old, very close to the state median age (36) and the national median age (38). 36% of Indio's population is younger than 24 years old, higher than the Coachella Valley average of 27%. 


Just over 27% of Indio's population are immigrants, which is average for the Coachella Valley and the state of California. Select a community to the right of the chart to see how the size of its immigrant population compares to Indio. 
36% of Indio's immigrants are citizens, an average rate compared to other communities in the Coachella Valley. 

Employment & Education

The U.S. Census Bureau does not provide industry data at the city level. The information below on jobs and industries in the city of Indio is an average of the census tracts containing the city. 

Jobs & Industries

As of 2015 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, the largest sectors in Indio are (1) Accommodation & Food Services, (2) Retail Trade, (3) Healthcare & Social Assistance, (4) Construction, and (5) Arts, Entertainment & Recreation. Since 2002, a number of industries in the city have been growing. The number of jobs in Food & Accommodation Services increased by 10%, while the number of jobs in the (1) Healthcare & Social Assistance and (2) Arts, Entertainment & Recreation sectors increased by 6% and 5% respectively. 

Median Household Income

The median household income in Indio is $49,551, which is near the average median household income across other cities and places in the Coachella Valley ($53,845). It is below average when compared to the median household income in California ($63,783) and the United States ($55,322).

Graduation Rates

74% of Indio's population has a high school degree or higher, lower than the average high school graduation rates (including equivalency) across the Coachella Valley (79%), California (82%) and the nation (87%).  
16% of Indio's population has graduated with a bachelor's degree or higher. This is lower than the Coachella Valley, California, and U.S. averages.

Housing/Real Estate

Housing Units

There are 33,143 housing units in Indio, making up 14% of the total housing units in Coachella Valley cities and places.

Median Rent Price

Median gross rent in Indio is $1055, which is average for the Coachella Valley ($1080).


8% of households in Indio have more than one person per one room of their housing unit, approaching the average overcrowding rate across other cities and places in the Coachella Valley.
Select a community to the right of the graph to see how overcrowding rates compare to Indio.

Housing Stability

84% of households in Indio are living in the same housing unit as they were one year ago, average for the county and Coachella Valley (both at 86%). 


65% of households are homeowners, about average for the Coachella Valley and the nation, but higher than the California average.  
Select a community to the right of the graph to see how homeownership rates compare to Indio.

Social Connectedness & Health

Linguistic Isolation

18% of the households in Indio are limited-English speaking households, meaning no one over the age of 14 reports speaking English "very well." This is high compared to the average across other Coachella Valley cities and places where 11% of households are non-English speaking. 

Uninsured Population

18% of the population in Indio does not have health insurance coverage. This is above average compared to the rate of uninsured population for California (12.6%)  and average for the Coachella Valley (17.1%).

Healthcare Institutions

Indio has 132 healthcare institutions, the fourth highest number among cities and places in the Coachella Valley. 
Select a community to the right of the map, or hover over the map to see how the number of healthcare institutions vary by community.

Financial Institutions

There are 9 financial institutions in Indio. Of other places in the Coachella Valley, only Palm Springs (12) and Palm Desert (30) have more. 
Select a community to the right of the map, or hover over the map to see how the number of financial institutions vary by community.

Sources Notes: All data in this community profile come from the 2016 5-year estimates of the American Community Survey with the exception of Healthcare Institutions and Financial Institutions which come from the 2018 Reference USA Business Database and industry data which comes from the 2002 and 2015 U.S. Census Bureau Longitudinal Household Employer Dynamics Origin-Destination Employment Statistics. 
Photo Credits: City of Indio, Department of Economic Development