Learn More: Liquor Stores

Metadata

Variable Definition:
Liquor Stores: The number of liquor stores that are currently operating in the City of Los Angeles, meaning that they have an active business license. 
Source:
Los Angeles Open Data (data.lacity.org)
Years Available:
2019
Geographic Unit:
Census Tract (aggregated to neighborhoods and cities)

Why is this Variable Important to Measure?

Liquor Stores
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that from 2006-2010 excessive alcohol consumption accounted for 1 in 10 deaths among adults aged 20 to 64. Moreover, they estimate the economic costs of excessive drinking in 2010 in the United States to be $249 billion. With more than 15 million adults suffering from some form of alcoholism in 2015, the causes and effects of excessive alcohol consumption warrant significant attention from public health researchers and policymakers.
The density of stores that sell liquor, beer, or wine help to explain the relative availability and extent of marketing of alcohol in an area. This access and exposure, in turn, is related to levels of alcohol consumption and its related health risks. For policymakers, this may be relevant to the design and implementation of community regulations and municipal zoning. 

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Sources:
Carlos, H. A., Gabrielli, J., & Sargent, J. D. (2017). Validation of commercial business lists as a proxy for licensed alcohol outlets. BMC public health17(1), 480.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2018). Fact Sheets - Alcohol use and Your Health. Division of Population Health. Accessed on August 12, 2019 from: https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/alcohol-use.htm
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2015). National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Accessed on August 12, 2019 from: https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-facts-and-statistics
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